Robert J. Collier Trophy Award Recipients
The Robert J. Collier Trophy Award was established in 1912 by Robert J. Collier, publisher and pioneer aviation enthusiast, as the Aero Club of America Trophy. In 1922 the Aero Club of America was incorporated as the National Aeronautic Association. In 1944, the Association renamed the award the Robert J. Collier Trophy. It is presented for the greatest achievement in aeronautics or astronautics in America, with respect to improving the performance, efficiency, or safety of air or space vehicles, the value of which has been thoroughly demonstrated by actual use during the preceding year.