A fixed-wing aircraft is an aircraft capable of flight using wings that generate lift caused by the vehicle's forward airspeed and the shape of the wings. Fixed-wing aircraft are distinct from rotary-wing aircraft in which the wings form a rotor mounted on a spinning shaft and ornithopters in which the wings flap in similar manner to a bird. The wings of a fixed-wing aircraft are not necessarily rigid; kites, hang-gliders and aeroplanes using wing-warping or variable geometry are all regarded as fixed-wing aircraft.
A powered fixed-wing aircraft that gains forward thrust from an engine is typically called an aeroplane, airplane, or simply a plane. Aeroplanes include powered paragliders, powered hang gliders and some ground effect vehicles.
Unpowered fixed-wing aircraft, including free-flying gliders of various kinds and tethered kites, can use moving air to gain height.
Most fixed-wing aircraft are flown by a pilot on board the aircraft, but some are designed to be remotely or computer-controlled.
Curriculum related to airplanes
Grades 2-4: Aeronautics An Educator Guide with activities in Science-Mathematics-and-Technology Education
Grades K-5: Aviation Science Activities for Elementary Grades
Grades 9-12: Aviation Space Education-Secondary Education
Grades K-3: Discover Aeronautics and Space A Coloring Book for Elementary Students
Grades K-3: Discovery
Grades K-3: Dot-to-Dot Aerospace Booklet
Grades 6-9: Learning to Fly The Wright Brother's Adventure
Grades K-6: Sky School
Grades K-5: The Min Page Parts of an Airplane
Grades 6-9: Which way does the wind blow?