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The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)

is the world's largest technical society dedicated to the global aerospace profession.

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    The History of Flight from Around the World
    1930s


    1939


    • November 5, 1939 - The embargo against arms shipments to belligerents in the European War is lifted, releasing at least $170,000,000 worth of orders from France and Great Britain for American-built airplanes.

    • September 15, 1939 - Jacqueline Cochran, flying a Seversky monoplane, sets a new international speed record of 305.926 M.P.H. for 1,000 kilometers in Burbank, California.

    • September 14, 1939 - The VS-300 becomes the first practical helicopter to ever take off. Igor Sikorsky himself piloted the vehicle and on his first flight, Sikorsky was able to lift off 3 ft for about 10 seconds.

    • September 1-3, 1939 - Germany invades Poland. England and France declare war on Germany.

    • August 30, 1939 - Pan American Airways' "California Clipper" lands at Auckland, New Zealand, completing the first flight of a regularly scheduled fortnightly service from San Francisco, California.

    • August 24, 1939 - The Heinkel He 178 makes the first jet-powered flight.

    • June 28, 1939 - Pan American Airways flew the first trans-Atlantic passenger service.

    • May 20, 1939 - The first North Atlantic airmail service is started by Pan American Airways between Port Washington, Long Island, the Azores, Portugal, and Marseille, France.

    • January 5, 1939 - Amelia Earhart Putnam is declared legally dead.



    1938


    • February 8, 1938 - The first license for the export of helium to be used in a foreign dirigible is granted to the American Zeppelin Transport, Inc., acting as agent for the German Zeppelin Co.




    1937


    • September 20, 1937 - Airmail between the U.S. and Paraguay is opened.

    • July 21, 1937 - Clyde Pangborn, an American aviator, is detained for two days in Moscow for flying into Soviet Russia without a passport visa.

    • July 2, 1937 - Amelia Earhart is lost en route to Howland Island from Lae, New Guinea.

    • June 1, 1937 - Amelia Earhart begins world flight attempt in Lockheed Electra.

    • May 6, 1937 - The Hindenburg, the famous German dirigible, is destroyed by fire and an explosion of an unknown origin during landing proceedings at Lakehurst, New Jersey. 36 people lost their lives.

    • 1937 - Tricycle landing gear, used on many midget planes, is practically applied to conventional full-size airplanes this year.

    • 1937 - Lores Bonney becomes the first pilot to solo the 18,200 overland miles between Australia and South Africa.




    1936


    • December 9, 1936 - Juan de la Cierva, inventor of the autogiro, is killed in the crash of a K.L.M. Airliner at Croydon Airport, London.

    • May 12, 1936 - The world's largest high-speed wind tunnel is put into operation at Langley Field Laboratories of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics.

    • 1936 - Lockheed Aircraft Corporation built the first pressurized cabin plane.

    • 1936 - Juan Trippe established the first international airline routes for Pan American Airways.



    1935


    • December 17, 1935 - The DC-3, the first successful passenger airliner, takes off for the first time from Santa Monica, California.

    • December 1, 1935 - The first airway traffic control center went into operation at Newark, New Jersey.

    • November 29, 1935 - The U.S. Bureau of Air Commerce, in cooperation with the industry, develops a device for elimination of propeller ice.

    • November 22, 1935 - Pan American Airways makes the first pacific mail service route leaving San Francisco with 111,000 letters.

    • July 28, 1935 - The B-17 "Flying Fortress," the first successful American four-engine bomber, was unveiled.

    • July 1, 1935 - After lifting off on June 4th, Brothers Al and Fred Key land at Meridian Airport and set a world record for sustained flight (through air-to-air refueling) at 653 hours and 34 minutes.

    • May 8, 1935 - Amelia Earhart Putnam flies nonstop from Mexico City to Newark, New Jersey, in 14 hours, 18 minutes, 30 seconds, becoming the first person to fly this course nonstop from South to North and the only woman to fly it either way.

    • March 28, 1935 - Robert Goddard launches the first rocket with a gyroscope to 4800 feet .

    • March 6, 1935 - The U.S. Secretary of Commerce signs a special traffic rule prohibiting flights over downtown Washington D.C.

    • January 11-12, 1935 - Amelia Earhart makes the first solo flight from Hawaii to the American mainland.

    • January 1, 1935 - Helen Richey becomes the first woman employed as an airline pilot (Central Airlines).




    1934


    • June 20, 1934 - William E. Boeing receives the 1934 Daniel Guggenheim Medal for his achievements in air transportation and aircraft manufacture.

    • June 12, 1934 - The Air Mail Act of 1934, which includes the provision for the appointment of a Federal Aviation commission, is signed by Resident Roosevelt.

    • 1934 - American Airlines developed and tested the first automatic direction-finder for airplanes.



    1933


    • July 15-22, 1933 - Wiley Post makes the first round-the-world solo flight in his Lockheed Vega "Winnie Mae"

    • July 1, 1933 - The DC-1 prototype flew.

    • March 30, 1933 - Boeing 247: United Air Lines accepted First modern airliner for service.

    • January 1933 - Orville Wright is awarded the first Honorary Fellowship of the Institute of the Aeronautical Sciences.



    1932


    • November 19, 1932 - A national monument, commemorating the Wright Brothers' flight, is dedicated in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.

    • May 20-21, 1932 - Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic.

    • May 9, 1932 - Capt. Albert F. Hegenberger, U.S. Army Air Corps, makes the first solo "blind flight" at Wright Field, seeing nothing but the instruments before him from take-off to landing.

    • April 19, 1932 - The first Goddard rocket with gyroscopically controlled vanes, for automatically stabilized flight, was fired.



    1931


    • October 4-5, 1931 - First nonstop crossing of the Pacific: Clyde Pangborn and Hugh Herndon in a Bellanca CH-400, Japan to Wenatchee, WA.

    • June 23 - July 1, 1931 - Winnie Mae: first circumnavigation of the world by a lone aircraft by Wiley Post and Harold Gatty.

    • May 31, 1931 - A pilotless monoplane is successfully flown by radio control from another plane in Houston, Texas.

    • April 8, 1931 - Amelia Earhart establishes the Pitcairn autogyro world's altitude record at 18,451 ft.

    • 1931 - Britain's' Frank Whittle designed and patented the first jet engine.

    • January 1931 - Italy's Air Minister, General Italo Balbo, led the first formation flight across the South Atlantic.



    1930


    • September 28, 1930 - Daniel Guggenheim dies at his home in Port Washington, Long Island.

    • September 1930 - France's Costes and Bellonte become the first to link Paris and New York by flying east to west.

    • July 23, 1930 - Glenn H. Curtiss, pioneer aviator, dies in Buffalo.

    • June 11, 1930 - John and Kenneth Hunter begin refueling endurance flight over Chicago, which breaks all records when they remain in the air for 533 hours, 41 minutes and 30 seconds.

    • June 4, 1930 - Lt. Apollo Soucek, flying a Wright Apache, open cockpit landplane, set a new world altitude record of 43,166 ft.

    • May 5-24, 1930 - Amy Johnson becomes the first woman to solo between England and Australia.

    • May 15, 1930 - Ellen Church becomes the first flight attendant ever to fly.

    • April 20, 1930 - Charles Lindbergh and Anne Morrow set a transcontinental speed record from Los Angeles to New York, 14 hours, 45 minutes.

    • April 8, 1930 - Orville Wright is presented with the first Daniel Guggenheim Medal for Aeronautics for 1929.

    • 1930 - A sound-locator acoustic system for detection of aircraft in flight was developed.




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