AIAA

The World's Forum for Aerospace Leadership

  • MY AIAA
  • Donate
  • Press Room
  • Renew
  • View Cart
The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)

is the world's largest technical society dedicated to the global aerospace profession.

    • ARC
    • AIAA Foundation
    • Industry Guide

    The History of Flight from Around the World
    1960s


    1969


    • July 16-24, 1969 - Apollo 11: First human lunar landing. At 4:18 p.m. EST on July 20, 1969, astronauts Neil Armstrong and "Buzz" Aldrin landed on the lunar surface while command module pilot Michael Collins orbited overhead. "That's one small step for man - one giant leap for mankind."

    • March 2, 1969 - The first flight of the Concorde.

    • January 16, 1969 - First docking of two manned spacecraft in orbit, Soyuz 4 and 5.


    1968


    • December 31, 1968 - The Tu-144, the first Soviet Super Sonic Transport, flew.

    • December 21-27 - Apollo 8: First human flight to orbit the moon (Frank Borman, James Lovell, and William Anders).

    • October 11-12 - Apollo 7: First manned Apollo mission (Wally Schirra, Donn Eisele, and Walter Cunningham).


    1967


    • November 9, 1967 - The first Saturn V moon rocket is launched on an unmanned test flight.

    • October 18, 1967 - Venera 4 makes the first controlled descent on Venus.

    • October 3, 1967 - X-15 (experimental aircraft) sets speed record at 4,520 mph.

    • April 25, 1967 - Air Force Col. Joseph Cotton and NASA research pilot Fitzhugh Fulton made the first NASA flight in the XB-70A.

    • January 27, 1967 - Apollo 1: Capsule fire in which astronauts Gus Grissom, Roger Chaffee, and Ed White were killed.


    1966


    • August 31, 1966 - The first flight of the Harrier jet, built by British Aerospace.

    • August 14, 1966 - The Lunar Orbiter 1 was the first U.S. spacecraft to orbit the moon.

    • June 2, 1966 - Surveyor 1 makes the first US soft landing on the Moon.

    • March 16-17, 1966 - Gemini VIII: First orbital docking (Neil Armstrong and David Scott).

    • February 3, 1966 - Luna 9 makes the first soft landing on the Moon.

    • 1966 - Boeing 747 "Jumbo Jet" revolutionizes mass air transport.


    1965


    • December 15-16, 1965 - Gemini VI-A: First orbital rendezvous (Wally Schirra and Tom Stafford).

    • November 16, 1965 - The launch of Soviet Venera 3, the first object to impact on Venus.

    • July 14, 1965 - Mariner 4: First flyby of Mars.

    • June 3-7, 1965 - Gemini IV: First U.S. spacewalk (by Ed White) launched June 3.

    • March 23, 1965 - Gemini III: First operational Gemini mission (Gus Grissom and John Young).

    • March 18, 1965 - Alexei Leonov takes first walk in space.


    1964


    • October 30, 1964 - NASA pilot Joseph Walker conducts first flight in Lunar Landing Research Vehicle (LLRV).

    • May 4, 1964 - Jacqueline Cochran established the official world speed record for women in a Lockheed F-104G Starfighter, average speed 1,429.297-mph.

    • April 11, 1964 - Jerrie Mock becomes the first woman to pilot a plane around-the-world successfully.

    • March 19, 1964 - Geraldine Mock, in a Cessna 180, becomes the first woman to fly around the world.


    1963


    • August 22, 1963 - X-15 (experimental aircraft) sets altitude record of 354,200 feet (67 miles) with a speed of 4,159 mph.

    • July 26, 1963 - Syncom II, the world's first geosynchronous satellite was launched.

    • June 16, 1963 - Russian Cosmonaut, Valentina Tereshkova, becomes the first woman to solo in space.

    • May 8, 1963 - Telstar II relays first color television broadcast.

    • January 28, 1963 - First flight of Hiller OH-5A helicopter.

    • January 9, 1963 - First TV program transmitted by satellite.


    1962


    • December 14, 1962 - Mariner 2: First successful planetary flyby (Venus).

    • November 27, 1962 - First flight of Boeing 727.

    • July 13, 1962 - First telephone conversation is relayed by satellite between the US and Europe.

    • July 10, 1962 - Telstar 1: NASA launched first privately built satellite for communications which relays the first live television pictures between the US and Europe.

    • February 20, 1962 - Friendship 7: First American (John Glenn) to orbit Earth.

    • January 3, 1962 - NASA publicly announces and names the Gemini program.

    • 1962 - The USSR's Soyuz Program begins with a goal to develop a series of successively updated space stations.


    1961


    • November 29, 1961 - Enos, a five-year-old chimpanzee had a 2-orbit ride on the MA-5.

    • October 27, 1961 - First flight test of the Saturn 1 launch vehicle.

    • October 21, 1961 - The first fully successful experimental V/STOL fighter was the Hawker Siddley P1127.

    • May 5, 1961 - Freedom 7: First U.S. human (Alan Shepard) space flight.

    • April 12, 1961 - Vostok I: First human being (Maj. Yuri Gagarin) to travel in space by completing one full orbit of the earth.

    • February 12, 1961 - The USSR's Venera 1 becomes the first spacecraft to fly by a planet.

    • January 31, 1961 - A three-year-old chimpanzee named Ham rocketed into space on the MR-2 program.


    1960


    • August 12, 1960 - Echo 1: A passive communications satellite launched.

    • April 1, 1960 - Tiros I: First weather satellite launched.



    Back to Timeline >