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The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)

is the world's largest technical society dedicated to the global aerospace profession.

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    The History of Flight from Around the World
    1970s


    1979


    • July 24, 1979 - NASA research pilot Thomas McMurtry conducted the first flight of a KC-135 jet, with winglets, to demonstrate fuel efficiency.

    • June 12, 1979 - Gossamer Albatross: First man-powered aircraft crosses the English Channel.


    1978


    • October 24, 1978 - Nimbus 7, an environmental research satellite, was launched and provided global evidence of Antarctic ozone depletion in the 1980s.

    • August 14, 1978 - NASA's William Dana flew the first of 27 flights in an F-15 with a 10 degree cone to improve wind tunnel data predictions.

    • June 26, 1978 - Seasat, the first satellite launched to provide global observations of the Earth's oceans.

    • January 27, 1978 - The 8th Astronaut Candidates Class is the first to include women (6 women): Anna Fisher, Shannon Lucid, Judith Resnik, Sally Ride, Rhea Seddon and Kathryn Sullivan.

    • 1978 - The U.S. Airline Deregulation Act ended government regulation of airline routes and rates.

    • 1978 - Double Eagle II: First balloon flight over the Atlantic Ocean.


    1977


    • August 23, 1977 - The man-powered aircraft Gossamer Condor successfully demonstrated sustained, maneuverable man-powered flight.

    • March 27, 1977 - The world's worst aviation disaster occurs at Los Rodeos airport, Tenerife, when a KLM Boeing 747 making its take-off run collides with a Pan American 747 still clearing the runway. All 234 passengers and the 14 crew members of the KLM aircraft, and 317 passengers and nine members of the cabin crew aboard the Pan Am aircraft, are killed. Nine of the 70 survivors from the Pan Am aircraft later die from their injuries.

    • February 18, 1977 - Enterprise, the first space shuttle orbiter, was flight tested at Dryden Flight Research Center.



    1976


    • September 3, 1976 - Viking 2: Second U.S. landing on another planet (Mars).

    • July 20, 1976 - Viking 1: First U.S. landing on another planet (Mars).

    • January 1976 - Concordes of British Airways and Air France operate the world's first scheduled passenger services by supersonnic airliners. At the same time that a British Airways Concorde takes off from London Heathrow for Bahrain, an Air France aircraft leaves Paris Le Bourget for Rio de Janeiro. By reaching its destination first, G-BOAA - the BA Concorde - becomes the first Supersonic Transport (SST) to complete a commercial service between planned destinations.

    • 1976 - The E3A Airborne Warning and Control System, an electronic surveillance system capable of detecting any airborne vehicles, was inaugurated.


    1975


    • August 20, 1975 - The Viking 1 orbiter and lander are launched to Mars.

    • August 5, 1975 - NASA's John Manke landed the X-24B proving a shuttle-like vehicle without power could land safely upon return from orbit.

    • July 15-24, 1975 - Apollo-Soyuz Test Project: First joint U.S.-Soviet human flight (Tom Stafford, Vance Brand, "Deke" Slayton; Alexei Leonov, Valeri Kubasov).


    1974


    • September 1, 1974 - Pioneer 11: Three times closer pass to Jupiter than Pioneer 10, then on to Saturn.

    • June 4, 1974 - Lt. Col. Sally Murphy becomes the first woman to qualify as an U.S. Army aviatrix.

    • May 17, 1974 - SMS-A: First geosynchronous weather satellite launched.

    • May 1974 - The Airbus A300B2 enters service with Air France on the carrier's London-Paris route.

    • February 8, 1974 - The last Skylab mission, Skylab 4, ends.


    1973


    • December 3, 1973 - Pioneer 10: First flyby past Jupiter.

    • May 25 - June 22, 1973 - Skylab 2: First U.S. space station mission (Pete Conrad, Joe Kerwin, and Paul Weitz).

    • May 14, 1973 - Skylab: Unmanned space station launched.

    • January 29, 1973 - Emily Howell Warner becomes the first woman employed as a pilot for a scheduled commercial airline (Frontier Airlines).



    1972


    • December 13, 1972 - Last Apollo mission to Moon ends.

    • December 7-19, 1972 - Apollo 17: Last lunar landing (Eugene Cernan, Ronald Evans, and Harrison Schmitt - only scientist-astronaut/geologist).

    • October 1972 - The first airliner produced by international company Airbus Industrie, the A300B1, makes its maiden flight. The prototypes are followed by the B2, representative of the initial production version.

    • July 27, 1972 - First test flight of the F-15 Eagle.

    • July 23, 1972 - Landsat 1: the first U.S. environmental satellite, which demonstrated global remote-sensing of Earth's surface, is launched.

    • May 25, 1972 - NASA research pilot Gary Krier flew an F-8C modified.

    • January 5, 1972 - NASA announces the space shuttle program.


    1971


    • December 2, 1971 - First soft landing on Mars.

    • November 13, 1971 - Mariner 9: First mission to orbit another planet arrived (Mars).

    • September 3, 1971 - The Concorde makes its first transatlantic crossing.

    • August 1971 - American Airlines and United Airlines begin operations with the McDonnell Douglas DC-10 new-generation widebody airliner, first flown in August 1970.

    • July 26 - August 7, 1971 - Apollo 15: Fourth lunar landing (David Scott, Alfred Worden, and James Irwin), first use of Lunar Rover.

    • June 11, 1971 - Sheila Scott flies the first light plane around the World via the North Pole.

    • April 19, 1971 - Salyut 1 becomes the first manned Space laboratory.

    • March 9, 1971 - NASA research pilot Thomas McMurtry completed the first flight in an F-8A, modified with Langley researcher Richard Whitcomb's supercritical wing.



    1970


    • December 16, 1970 - Venera 7 becomes the first craft to land on Venus.

    • April 11-17, 1970 - Apollo 13: Mission aborted after loss of oxygen pressure; crew used lunar module as lifeboat to return to Earth (Jim Lovell, Fred Haise, Jack Swigert, command module pilot).

    • March 5, 1970 - First NASA flight in a YF-12A with Fitzhugh Fulton as pilot.

    • January 1970 - The Boeing 747 jumbo is put into passenger service, in its initial 747-100 form, on Pan American's New York-London route, the type having first flown in February 1969.



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