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American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics

    Course Outline

    Course Outline

    1. Introduction/Key Drivers in the Missile Propulsion Design and System Engineering Process:
    Overview of missile design and system engineering process. Examples of system-of-systems integration. Unique characteristics of missiles. Key configuration sizing parameters. Missile conceptual design synthesis process. Examples of processes to establish mission requirements. Projected capability in command, control, communication, computers, intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance (C4ISR). Example of Pareto analysis.


    2. Aerodynamic Considerations in Missile Propulsion:
    Optimizing the missile configuration geometry. Shapes for low observables. Missile configuration layout (body, wing, tail) integration with the propulsion system. Aerodynamic flight control versus propulsion thrust vector and reaction jet flight control. Aerodynamic maneuver versus propulsion divert maneuver. Inlet alternatives for bank-to-turn maneuvering.


    3. Propulsion Considerations in Missile Design and System Engineering:
    Turbojet, ramjet, scramjet, ducted rocket, and solid propellant rocket propulsion comparisons. Turbojet engine design considerations, prediction and sizing. Advanced turbine materials. Compressor alternatives. Selecting ramjet engine, booster, and inlet alternatives. Ramjet performance prediction and sizing. Ramjet performance limitations. High density fuels. Solid propellant rocket motor design process. Solid propellant alternatives trade-offs. Propellant grain cross section trade-offs. Effective thrust magnitude control. Reducing propellant observables. Rocket motor performance prediction and sizing. Rocket motor aging and lifetime prediction. Rocket motor pressure oscillation and combustion instability. Motor case and nozzle materials. Ducted rocket design considerations and tradeoffs.


    4. Weight Considerations in Missile Propulsion:
    How to size the propulsion system to meet flight performance requirements. Ballistic missile range prediction. Structural design criteria factor of safety. Structure concepts and manufacturing processes. Selecting structure materials. Loads prediction. Weight prediction and motor case design. Aerodynamic heating prediction. Insulation trades. Power supply and flight control actuator alternatives and sizing.


    5. Flight Performance Considerations in Missile Propulsion:
    Flight envelope limitations. Missile flight performance sizing-equations of motion. Accuracy of simplified equations of motion. Maximizing flight performance. Benefits of flight trajectory shaping. Flight performance prediction of boost, climb, cruise, coast, steady descent, ballistic, maneuvering, divert, and homing flight.


    6. Measures of Merit and Launch Platform Integration Considerations in Missile Propulsion:
    Optimum cruise conditions for air-breathing propulsion. Electromagnetic compatibility. Kinetic kill missiles. Launch plume observables. Radar cross section and infrared signature design considerations. Survivability considerations. Signature test requirements. Insensitive munitions. Enhanced reliability. Cost drivers including schedule, weight, learning curve, and parts count. EMD and production cost prediction. Logistics considerations. Designing within launch platform constraints. Launch platform integration problems. Standard launch platform interfaces and launchers. Internal vs. external carriage. Shipping, storage, carriage, launch, and separation environment considerations. Cold and solar environment temperature prediction.


    7. Missile Propulsion Sizing Examples and Sizing Tools:
    Rocket sizing to meet standoff range requirement. Trade-offs for a harmonized rocket design. Lofted rocket range prediction. Ramjet missile sizing for range robustness. Ramjet fuel alternatives. Ramjet velocity control. Correction of turbojet thrust and specific impulse. Turbojet missile sizing for maximum range. Prediction of turbojet engine rotational speed. Conceptual design sizing tools.


    8. Missile Propulsion Development Process:
    Design validation/technology development process. Examples of development tests and facilities. Flight test requirements. Missile propulsion upgrades. Developing a technology roadmap. Cost, risk, and performance tradeoffs. History of transformational technologies. Funding emphasis. New missile follow-on projections. Example of propulsion technology flight demonstration and flight envelope. Example of propulsion technology development history. New technologies for missile propulsion.


    9. Summary and Lessons Learned.