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American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics

    Course Outline

    Course Outline

    Introduction/Key Drivers in the Missile Design and System Engineering Process
    Overview of missile design process. Examples of system-of-systems integration. Unique characteristics of missiles. Key aerodynamic configuration sizing parameters. Missile conceptual design synthesis process. Examples of processes to establish mission requirements. Projected capability in command, control, communication, computers, intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance (C4ISR). Example of Pareto analysis. Attendees vote on course emphasis.

    Aerodynamic Considerations in Missile Design and System Engineering

    Optimizing missile aerodynamics. Shapes for low observables. Missile configuration layout (body, wing, tail) options. Selecting flight control alternatives. Wing and tail sizing. Predicting normal force, drag, pitching moment, stability, control effectiveness, lift-to-drag ratio, and hinge moment. Maneuver law alternatives.

    Propulsion Considerations in Missile Design and System Engineering

    Turbojet, ramjet, scramjet, ducted rocket, and rocket propulsion comparisons. Turbojet engine design considerations, prediction and sizing. Selecting ramjet engine, booster, and inlet alternatives. Ramjet performance prediction and sizing. High density fuels. Solid propellant alternatives. Propellant grain cross section trade-offs. Effective thrust magnitude control. Reducing propellant observables. Rocket motor performance prediction and sizing. Motor case and nozzle materials.

    Weight Considerations in Missile Design and System Engineering

    How to size subsystems to meet flight performance requirements. Structural design criteria factor of safety. Structure concepts and manufacturing processes. Selecting airframe materials. Loads prediction. Weight prediction. Airframe and motor case design. Aerodynamic heating prediction and insulation trades. Seeker dome material alternatives and sizing. Power supply and actuator alternatives and sizing.

    Flight Trajectory Considerations in Missile Design and System Engineering

    Flight envelope limitations. Aerodynamic sizing-equations of motion. Accuracy of simplified equations of motion. Maximizing flight performance. Benefits of flight trajectory shaping. Flight performance prediction of boost, climb, cruise, coast, steady descent, ballistic, maneuvering, and homing flight.

    Measures of Merit and Launch Platform Integration/System Engineering

    Achieving robustness in adverse weather. Seeker, navigation, data link, and sensor alternatives. Seeker range prediction. Counter-countermeasures. Warhead alternatives and lethality prediction. Approaches to minimize collateral damage. Fuzing alternatives and requirements for fuze angle and time delay. Alternative guidance laws. Proportional guidance accuracy prediction. Time constant contributors and prediction. Maneuverability design criteria. Radar cross section and infrared signature prediction. Survivability considerations. Insensitive munitions. Enhanced reliability. Cost drivers of schedule, weight, learning curve, and parts count. EMD and production cost prediction. Designing within launch platform constraints. Internal versus external carriage. Shipping, storage, carriage, launch, and separation environment considerations. Launch platform interfaces. Cold and solar environment temperature prediction.

    Sizing Examples and Sizing Tools

    Trade-offs for extended range rocket. Sizing for enhanced maneuverability. Developing a harmonized missile. Lofted range prediction. Ramjet missile sizing for range robustness. Ramjet fuel alternatives. Ramjet velocity control. Correction of turbojet thrust and specific impulse. Turbojet missile sizing for maximum range. Turbojet engine rotational speed. Computer aided sizing tools for conceptual design. Soda straw rocket design-build-fly competition. House of quality process. Design of experiment process.

    Missile Development Process

    Design validation/technology development process. Developing a technology roadmap. Historical transformational technologies. Funding emphasis. Alternative proposal win strategies. New missile follow-on projections. Examples of development tests and facilities. Example of technology demonstration flight envelope. Examples of technology development. New technologies for missiles

    Summary and Lessons Learned

    References, Bibliography, and Follow-up Communication


    Homework problems/classroom exercises, example of a request for proposal, nomenclature, acronyms, conversion factors, syllabus, quizzes, design case studies, TMD spreadsheet, soda straw rocket science.