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American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics

    Course Outline

    Missile Design and System Engineering


    Course Outline:

    I. Introduction/Key Drivers in the Missile Design and System Engineering Process: Overview of missile design process
    a) Examples of system-of-systems integration
    b) Unique characteristics of missiles
    c) Key aerodynamic configuration sizing parameters. Missile conceptual design synthesis process
    d) Examples of processes to establish mission requirements
    e) Projected capability in command, control, communication, computers, intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance (C4ISR)
    f) Example of Pareto analysis.
    g) Attendees vote on course emphasis

    II. Aerodynamic Considerations in Missile Design and System Engineering: Optimizing missile aerodynamics
    a) Shapes for low observables. Missile configuration layout (body, wing, tail) options
    b) Selecting flight control alternatives
    c) Wing and tail sizing
    d) Predicting normal force, drag, pitching moment, stability, control effectiveness, lift-to-drag ratio, and hinge moment
    e) Maneuver law alternatives

    III. Propulsion Considerations in Missile Design and System Engineering: Turbojet, ramjet, scramjet, ducted rocket, and rocket propulsion comparisons
    a) Turbojet engine design considerations, prediction and sizing
    b) Selecting ramjet engine, booster, and inlet alternatives
    c) Ramjet performance prediction and sizing
    d) High density fuels
    e) Solid propellant alternatives
    f) Propellant grain cross section trade-offs
    g) Effective thrust magnitude control
    h) Reducing propellant observables
    i) Rocket motor performance prediction and sizing
    j) Motor case and nozzle materials

    IV. 4. Weight Considerations in Missile Design and System Engineering: How to size subsystems to meet flight performance requirements
    a) Structural design criteria factor of safety
    b) Structure concepts and manufacturing processes
    c) Selecting airframe materials
    d) Loads prediction
    e) Weight prediction. Airframe and motor case design
    f) Aerodynamic heating prediction and insulation trades
    g) Seeker dome material alternatives and sizing
    h) Power supply and actuator alternatives and sizing

    V. Flight Trajectory Considerations in Missile Design and System Engineering: Flight envelope limitations
    a) Aerodynamic sizing-equations of motion
    b) Accuracy of simplified equations of motion
    c) Maximizing flight performance
    d) Benefits of flight trajectory shaping
    e) Flight performance prediction of boost, climb, cruise, coast, steady descent, ballistic, maneuvering, and homing flight

    VI. Measures of Merit and Launch Platform Integration/System Engineering: Achieving robustness in adverse weather
    a) Seeker, navigation, data link, and sensor alternatives.
    b) Seeker range prediction
    c) Counter-countermeasures
    d) Warhead alternatives and lethality prediction
    e) Approaches to minimize collateral damage
    f) Fuzing alternatives and requirements for fuze angle and time delay
    g) Alternative guidance laws
    h) Proportional guidance accuracy prediction
    i) Time constant contributors and prediction
    j) Maneuverability design criteria
    k) Radar cross section and infrared signature predictio
    l) Survivability considerations
    m) Insensitive munitions
    n) Enhanced reliability
    o) Cost drivers of schedule, weight, learning curve, and parts count
    p) EMD and production cost prediction
    q) Designing within launch platform constraints
    r) Internal versus external carriage
    s) Shipping, storage, carriage, launch, and separation
    t) Environment considerations
    u) Launch platform interfaces
    v) Cold and solar environment temperature prediction

    VII. Sizing Examples and Sizing Tools: Trade-offs for extended range rocket
    a) Sizing for enhanced maneuverability
    b) Developing a harmonized missile
    c) Lofted range prediction
    d) Ramjet missile sizing for range robustness
    e) Ramjet fuel alternatives
    f) Ramjet velocity control
    g) Correction of turbojet thrust and specific impulse
    h) Turbojet missile sizing for maximum range
    i) Turbojet engine rotational speed
    j) Computer aided sizing tools for conceptual design
    k) Soda straw rocket design-build-fly competition
    l) House of quality process
    m) Design of experiment process

    VIII. Missile Development Process: Design validation/technology development process
    a) Developing a technology roadmap
    b) Historical transformational technologies
    c) Funding emphasis
    d) Alternative proposal win strategies
    e) New missile follow-on projections
    f) Examples of development tests and facilities
    g) Example of technology demonstration flight envelope
    h) Examples of technology development
    i) New technologies for missiles

    IX. Summary and Lessons Learned

    X. References, Bibliography, and Follow-up Communication

    XI. Appendices: Homework problems/classroom exercises, example of a request for proposal, nomenclature, acronyms, conversion factors, syllabus, quizzes, design case studies, TMD spreadsheet, soda straw rocket science