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American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics

    The History of Flight from Around the World


    • 1709 - Father Bartolomeu de Gusmao demonstrated a model hot air balloon to King John V.


    • June 4, 1783 - The balloon of the Montgolfier brothers becomes the first unmanned balloon flight. The balloon was propelled by burning a pile of moist wool and old shoes.

    • September 19, 1783 - The Montgolfier Brothers successfully attempt the second trial of their hot-air balloon in Paris before King Louis XVI. This flight has passengers aboard: a rooster, a duck, and a sheep.

    • November 21, 1783 - Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier construct an hot-air balloon that rose 84 feet (25 m) into the air with the first human fliers, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and François Laurent. The balloon stayed aloft for almost four minutes.

    • December 1, 1783 - Jacques Alexandre Cesar Charles makes the first solo flight in a hot-air balloon. He flew over 36 kilometers at an altitude of 3,500 meters.



    • January 19, 1784 - Joseph Montgolfier flies aboard his invention for the first time with six other passengers.



    • January 07, 1785 - First-ever air crossing of the English Channel. The trip was completed in a hydrogen balloon and took 2 1/2 hours.



    • October 22, 1797 - Andre Jacques Garnerin completed the first manned parachute jump after leaping from a balloon approximately 2,000 feet (600 m) in the air.



    • 1799 - Sir George Cayley invented the concept of the fixed-wing aircraft.

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