AI for Air Traffic Safety Enhancement Online


  • Instructed by world-wide leaders for AI applications in Air Traffic Management and Control
  • All students will receive an AIAA Certificate of Completion at the end of the course


Many complex engineering systems, such as the next generation (NextGen) national air transportation system are expected to have access to a multitude of new aviation data sources ranging from pilot-controller voice and data communications, higher-frequency airborne and surface surveillance data, high-frequency weather forecasts, and aircraft health data. Several critical challenges exist for systematic integration and interpretation of the enormous amounts of information enhancing the safety and efficiency of the national airspace system (NAS) operations. For example, it is anticipated that the myriad of information offered by various data sources in the future will require appropriate representation, fusion and decision methodologies. Furthermore, a large amount of uncertainty is associated with this information arising from various sources such as aeronautical instrumentation, environment, intrinsic variabilities, and human factors relevant for safety. Complex system safety modeling of multiple failure modes (e.g., loss of separation, mechanical and electrical sub-system failure, miscommunications, human-automation errors, and weather-related hazards) with largely unknown uncertainties is extremely valuable for the safe transition of the present NAS to NextGen concept of operations.

  • Gain knowledge of the operation of the NAS, and state-of-the-art air traffic modeling and simulation tools; Gain an understanding of the risks in NAS operations and recent approaches for categorizing them. Conceptual design of an in-time risk assessment system
  • Understand various on-board and ground sensor data analytics
  • Understand the accident event sequences and evaluate the risk through causal learning and natural language processing using NTSB Accident report data
  • Gain knowledge of ground-based operation using simulation and machine learning tools with realistic operational data
  • Understand the role of human-system integration and human-in-the-loop simulation and data collection (NC)Understand and perform analysis for uncertainty quantification, uncertainty prorogation, verification, and validation for complex engineering systems
  • Develop fundamental understanding for trajectory prediction, traffic flow forecasting, using advanced neural network models and Bayesian deep learning
  • Understand and practice risk mitigation actions, planning, control using reinforcement learning and optimization methods
  • Introduce and demonstrate a new open-source platform for gate-to-gate simulation and big data analytics for ATM/ATC

WHO SHOULD ATTEND: This course is intended for engineers, scientists, and students with a background in engineering who are interested in learning about air traffic management, safety engineering, machine learning applications, uncertainty quantification, risk assessment, and optimization and control.

Course Information:

Type of Course: Instructor-Led Short Course
Course Length: 2 days
AIAA CEU's available: Yes

This course is also available on-demand.

1. An Introduction to ATM systems and operations
  • Gates, Ramp, Runways, departure/arrival procedures, jet routes, airspace organization
  • Communication/Navigation/Surveillance systems
  • Aviation occurrence categories in air traffic operations in the NAS (Menon)
  • Conceptual design of an In-Time Risk Assessment System (Menon)
  • ATM system modeling and software (GNATS, Menon)
2. Sensing and control
  • Machine le
  • arning based real-time aircraft safety monitoring
  • Stochastic post-upset flight dynamics prognosis for aviation safety management
  • Flight level trajectory prediction using deep learning surrogate model
3. Risk assessment in ground operations
  • Recognizing frequent aircraft routes from ASDE-X data
  • Data-driven simulation of airport ground operation for predicting hot spots
  • Ground vehicles trajectory prediction and collision risk assessment
4. ATM Human system integration
  • Importance of human systems integration
  • Developing human-in-the-loop simulation capabilities
  • Identifying behavioral, subjective, and physiological sensors of human state
  • Predicting loss of separation from data from a human-in-the-loop air traffic control simulation
5. Learning from Accident Report Data
  • Learn Causal Graph from Accident Event Sequences
  • Sequential Event Mining, risk quantification and Prediction by deep learning methods (Hao)
  • Accident report learning by natural language processing (Hao)
6. Prognostics with machine learning
  • 4D trajectory prediction using CNN-RNN
  • Air traffic flow and pattern prognostics with graph neural network
  • Bayesian information fusion for prediction with other data sources
  • PARAATM: open-source platform for prognostics
7. Uncertainty quantification and risk assessment in ATM
  • Ensemble machine learning models for aviation incident risk prediction
  • Bayesian network construction for NTSB accident investigation data
  • Bayesian improvement and validation of physics-based trajectory modeling
  • Importance sampling for rare event risk assessment (e.g., separation violation in cruise)Risk assessment, anomaly detection, and uncertainty quantification in take-off and landing
8. Risk mitigation, planning, and control using Reinforcement Learning
  • Collison avoidance with optimized path planning
  • Real-time risk mitigation using reinforcement learning
  • Optimized sequencing and queueing for landing and departure
  • Condition-based maintenance for individual aircraft and fleet

Dr. Yongming Liu is a Professor in mechanical and aerospace engineering at Arizona State University and is the founding director of the Center for Complex System Safety – a state-sponsored center of Arizona State University, University of Arizona, and Northern Arizona University. He completed his PhD at Vanderbilt University in 2006 and obtained his Bachelors’ and Masters’ degrees from Tongji University in China in 1999 and 2002, respectively. Dr. Liu’s research interests include prognostics, probabilistic methods, fatigue and fracture, imaging-based experiments, and Bayesian methods. He is the recipient of the Air Force Young Investigator Award in 2011 and has worked with a wide variety of governmental agencies and industrial partners for his research, including NASA, NSF, DOE, DOT, and DOD. He is currently leading a NASA University Leadership Initiative project on information fusion for air traffic management, which focuses on the development of probabilistic learning methods with extensive data resources for air transportation safety assurance.

Dr. P. K. Menon is currently serving as the Chief Scientist and CEO of Optimal Synthesis Inc., a high-technology aerospace company he founded in 1992. At Optimal Synthesis, Dr. Menon has been leading research efforts in developing algorithms and software for next-generation air traffic management systems, advanced estimation, guidance and control technologies for flight vehicles, machine vision and speech recognition for aviation and evolutionary-algorithms based Artificial Intelligence. Previously, Dr. Menon served as an Associate Professor of aerospace engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology, as a visiting scientist at NASA Ames Research Center, and as a Research Professor at the Santa Clara University. Dr. Menon started his career as a Mission Analyst at the Indian Space Research Organization. Over the past four decades, Dr. Menon has received research support from NASA (Ames, Armstrong, Glenn, Langley), Navy (NSWCDD, NAWCAD), the Missile Defense Agency, Air Force (AFRL-Kirtland AFB, AFRL-Eglin AFB, AFSEO), DARPA and the Army (Research Office, Flight Dynamics Directorate, Space and Missile Defense Command). He has published over 200 papers in professional journals and at national and international conferences. Dr. Menon has received multiple research awards from NASA, IEEE and the AIAA. He has served as an Associate Editor of the Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, and the IEEE Transactions on Control System Technology. He is a Fellow of the AIAA, a Senior Member of the IEEE, a member of Sigma Gamma Tau, and a member of Sigma Xi. Dr. Menon received a Ph. D. in aerospace engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in 1983, Master’s degree in aeronautical engineering in 1975 and a Bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering in 1973.

Hari Iyer is currently a PhD student at Arizona State University, researching on musculoskeletal stress analysis using deep learning and computer vision. Previously, he has worked for Optimal Synthesis Inc. as a Research Engineer from 2018 through 2022 on NASA's ULI and other aerospace projects. Hari's role included building GNATS for ATM simulation, implementing Pilot/Controller Error Models, and In-Time Risk Assessment (IRA) for flight situations. While an MS candidate at ASU, he was a part of Dr. Yongming Liu's PARA lab. With Dr. Liu, he founded and built PARA-ATM, a flight safety simulation tool as part of the ULI project. Other positions held by Hari include being a Visiting Researcher at IIT Bombay, working on Air Traffic Controller (ATCo) workload and expertise analysis. He has interned for App Orchid Inc., a Silicon Valley startup, working on machine learning and building probabilistic models for Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Tribal Knowledge Inferencing for insurance/legal industry partners. Hari holds an MS in Software Engineering and BE in Computer Engineering from University of Mumbai. 

Dr. Nancy Cooke is a professor of Human Systems Engineering at Arizona State University and directs ASU’s Center for Human, AI, and Robot Teaming. She received her PhD in Cognitive Psychology from New Mexico State University in 1987. Dr. Cooke is a past President of the Human Factors and Ergonomics and recently chaired a study panel for the National Academies on the Enhancing the Effectiveness of Team Science. Dr. Cooke was a member of the US Air Force Scientific Advisory board from 2008-2012. She currently serves on DARPA’s Information and Science Technology Study Group and is a member of the National Academies committee on Risk Analysis for Nuclear War and Nuclear Terrorism. Dr. Cooke’s research interests include the study of individual and team cognition and its application to the development of cognitive and knowledge engineering methodologies and human-AI-robot teaming in defense operations, urban search and rescue, and distributed space operations. Her work is funded primarily by DoD.

Dr. Pingbo Tang is an Associate Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University. He obtained his bachelor's degree in Civil Engineering in 2002 and his master's degree in Bridge Engineering in 2005 from Tongji University, Shanghai, China. He obtained his Ph.D. from the group of Advanced Infrastructure Systems (AIS) at Carnegie Mellon University in 2009. He is an expert on civil infrastructure operations and human systems engineering for civil infrastructure operational safety (e.g., airport operation safety, nuclear power plant outage control). Prof. Tang’s research explores remote sensing, human systems engineering, and information modeling technology to support the spatiotemporal analyses needed for the effective management of construction sites, constructed facilities, and civil infrastructure systems. He won best paper awards at multiple conferences, the National Science Foundation CAREER Award in 2015, and the Daniel W. Halpin Award for Scholarship in Construction from the American Society of Civil Engineers in 2020.

Dr. Hao Yan is an Assistant Professor in the School of Computing and Augmented Intelligence at ASU. He received his BS degree in Physics from the Peking University, Beijing, China, in 2011. He also received a MS degree in Statistics, a MS degree in Computational Science and Engineering, and a PhD degree in Industrial Engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, in 2015, 2016, 2017, respectively. His research interests focus on developing scalable machine learning algorithms for large-scale spatio-temporal data structures to extract useful information for the purpose of system performance assessment, anomaly detection, intelligent sampling and decision making. Dr. Yan’s research explores spatio-temporal learning algorithms, Bayesian analysis, large-scale tensor methods, and deep learning for the decision support systems for complex manufacturing systems, transportation systems, and energy systems. Dr. Yan has worked with a wide variety of governmental agencies and industrial partners for his research, including NASA, NSF, DOE, and DOT.Dr. Yan was also the recipient of multiple awards including best paper award in IEEE TASE, IISE Transaction and ASQ Brumbaugh Award. Dr. Yan is a member of IEEE, INFORMS and IIE.


Dr. Aditi Chattopadhyay is a Regents’ Professor at Arizona State University (ASU) and Ira A. Fulton Chair Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. She is also the Founding Director of the Adaptive Intelligent Materials & Systems (AIMS) Center at ASU ( She received her B. Tech (Hons) in Aerospace Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur, followed by M.S. and Ph. D. degrees in Aerospace Engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology, USA. Her research activities span from fundamental concept development to applied projects with immediate benefits to the industry. Dr. Chattopadhyay’s current research areas include multiscale modeling, multifunctional materials and adaptive structures, and systems health management and prognosis. She has been the Principal Investigator on numerous grants and collaborated with defense and government laboratories on significant technical transitions.She has published over 210 journal papers and over 380 other publications (conference papers, book chapters, and NASA Technical Memorandums) and five patents. Her research has led to several academic, research, and best paper awards. She received the Georgia Institute of Technology Council of Outstanding Young Engineer Award and the Distinguished Alumnus Award from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT). She is the recipient of the Faculty Achievement Award – Excellence in Research, Arizona State University. Dr. Chattopadhyay is a Fellow of American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics (AIAA) and a Fellow of American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).

Mohamed Hamza is a PhD student at the Mechanical Engineering Department, Arizona State University and he is holding a Master of science in Engineering degree from the Mechanical Engineering Department, Johns Hopkins University. His research expertise is in computational mechanics and machine learning. The current main research focus includes: i) developing generative deep learning algorithms for high-fidelity micromechanics simulations and materials discovery, ii) developing reduced order models through applying regularization techniques and implicit layers in neural network architectures, iii) Modeling ceramics matrix composite deformation and subsequent damage behavior at extreme environment, iv) reduced order models implementation into national air transportation system prognosis.

Professor Sankaran Mahadevan (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA) is the John R. Murray Sr. Professor of Engineering at Vanderbilt University. He has 35 years of research and teaching experience in uncertainty quantification, reliability analysis, model validation, system health monitoring, and optimization under uncertainty. His research has been extensively funded by NSF, NASA, FAA, DOE, DOD, DOT, NIST, and many industry sources. His research contributions are documented in more than 600 publications, including two textbooks on reliability methods and 350 journal papers. He has directed more than 50 Ph.D. dissertations, and has taught many industry short courses on uncertainty and reliability analysis methods. He is a Fellow of AIAA, ASCE Engineering Mechanics Institute, and the Prognostics & Health Management Society, and is currently serving as President of the Engineering Mechanics Institute. At Vanderbilt, he currently teaches graduate level classes on reliability analysis, uncertainty quantification, and machine learning.



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