Missile Design and System Engineering

In This Section

Synopsis:

This short course provides the fundamentals of missile design, development, and system engineering. A system-level, integrated method is provided for missile configuration design and analysis. It addresses the broad range of alternatives in satisfying missile performance, cost, and risk requirements. Methods are generally simple closed-form analytical expressions that are physics-based, to provide insight into the primary driving parameters. Configuration sizing examples are presented for rocket, turbojet, and ramjet-powered missiles. Systems engineering considerations include launch platform integration constraints. Typical values of missile parameters and the characteristics of current operational missiles are discussed as well as the enabling subsystems and technologies for missiles. Sixty six videos illustrate missile development activities and performance. Attendees will vote on the relative emphasis of types of targets, types of launch platforms, technical topics, and round table discussion.

Key Topics:

  • Key drivers in the missile design process
  • Critical trade-offs, methods, and technologies in aerodynamic, propulsion, structure, seeker, warhead, and subsystems sizing to meet flight performance and other requirements
  • Launch platform-missile integration
  • Robustness, lethality, guidance, navigation & control, accuracy, observables, survivability, reliability, and cost considerations
  • Missile sizing examples for missile systems and missile technologies
    • Missile system and technology development process

Who Should Attend:

The course is oriented toward the needs of missile engineers, system analysts, system engineers, program managers, marketing personnel, engineering professors, and others working in the areas of missile systems and technology development.

Course Information:

Type of Course: Instructor-Led Short Course
Course Level: Intermediate


Course scheduling available in the following formats:


  • Course at Conference
  • On-site Course
  • Stand-alone/Public Course

Course Length: 2-5 days
AIAA CEU's available: yes

Outline

Course Outline:


I. Introduction/Key Drivers in the Missile Design and System Engineering Process: Overview of missile design process
a) Examples of system-of-systems integration
b) Unique characteristics of missiles
c) Key aerodynamic configuration sizing parameters. Missile conceptual design synthesis process
d) Examples of processes to establish mission requirements
e) Projected capability in command, control, communication, computers, intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance (C4ISR)
f) Example of Pareto analysis.
g) Attendees vote on course emphasis

II. Aerodynamic Considerations in Missile Design and System Engineering: Optimizing missile aerodynamics
a) Shapes for low observables. Missile configuration layout (body, wing, tail) options
b) Selecting flight control alternatives
c) Wing and tail sizing
d) Predicting normal force, drag, pitching moment, stability, control effectiveness, lift-to-drag ratio, and hinge moment
e) Maneuver law alternatives

III. Propulsion Considerations in Missile Design and System Engineering: Turbojet, ramjet, scramjet, ducted rocket, and rocket propulsion comparisons
a) Turbojet engine design considerations, prediction and sizing
b) Selecting ramjet engine, booster, and inlet alternatives
c) Ramjet performance prediction and sizing
d) High density fuels
e) Solid propellant alternatives
f) Propellant grain cross section trade-offs
g) Effective thrust magnitude control
h) Reducing propellant observables
i) Rocket motor performance prediction and sizing
j) Motor case and nozzle materials

IV. 4. Weight Considerations in Missile Design and System Engineering: How to size subsystems to meet flight performance requirements
a) Structural design criteria factor of safety
b) Structure concepts and manufacturing processes
c) Selecting airframe materials
d) Loads prediction
e) Weight prediction. Airframe and motor case design
f) Aerodynamic heating prediction and insulation trades
g) Seeker dome material alternatives and sizing
h) Power supply and actuator alternatives and sizing

V. Flight Trajectory Considerations in Missile Design and System Engineering: Flight envelope limitations
a) Aerodynamic sizing-equations of motion
b) Accuracy of simplified equations of motion
c) Maximizing flight performance
d) Benefits of flight trajectory shaping
e) Flight performance prediction of boost, climb, cruise, coast, steady descent, ballistic, maneuvering, and homing flight

VI. Measures of Merit and Launch Platform Integration/System Engineering: Achieving robustness in adverse weather
a) Seeker, navigation, data link, and sensor alternatives.
b) Seeker range prediction
c) Counter-countermeasures
d) Warhead alternatives and lethality prediction
e) Approaches to minimize collateral damage
f) Fuzing alternatives and requirements for fuze angle and time delay
g) Alternative guidance laws
h) Proportional guidance accuracy prediction
i) Time constant contributors and prediction
j) Maneuverability design criteria
k) Radar cross section and infrared signature predictio
l) Survivability considerations
m) Insensitive munitions
n) Enhanced reliability
o) Cost drivers of schedule, weight, learning curve, and parts count
p) EMD and production cost prediction
q) Designing within launch platform constraints
r) Internal versus external carriage
s) Shipping, storage, carriage, launch, and separation
t) Environment considerations
u) Launch platform interfaces
v) Cold and solar environment temperature prediction

VII. Sizing Examples and Sizing Tools: Trade-offs for extended range rocket
a) Sizing for enhanced maneuverability
b) Developing a harmonized missile
c) Lofted range prediction
d) Ramjet missile sizing for range robustness
e) Ramjet fuel alternatives
f) Ramjet velocity control
g) Correction of turbojet thrust and specific impulse
h) Turbojet missile sizing for maximum range
i) Turbojet engine rotational speed
j) Computer aided sizing tools for conceptual design
k) Soda straw rocket design-build-fly competition
l) House of quality process
m) Design of experiment process

VIII. Missile Development Process: Design validation/technology development process
a) Developing a technology roadmap
b) Historical transformational technologies
c) Funding emphasis
d) Alternative proposal win strategies
e) New missile follow-on projections
f) Examples of development tests and facilities
g) Example of technology demonstration flight envelope
h) Examples of technology development
i) New technologies for missiles

IX. Summary and Lessons Learned

X. References, Bibliography, and Follow-up Communication

XI. Appendices: Homework problems/classroom exercises, example of a request for proposal, nomenclature, acronyms, conversion factors, syllabus, quizzes, design case studies, TMD spreadsheet, soda straw rocket science
 

 

Course Outline

  1. Introduction/Key Drivers in the Missile Design and System Engineering Process: Overview of missile design process. Examples of system-of-systems integration. Unique characteristics of missiles. Key aerodynamic configuration sizing parameters. Missile conceptual design synthesis process. Examples of processes to establish mission requirements. Projected capability in command, control, communication, computers, intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance (C4ISR). Example of Pareto analysis. Attendees vote on course emphasis.
  2. Aerodynamic Considerations in Missile Design and System Engineering: Optimizing missile aerodynamics. Shapes for low observables. Missile configuration layout (body, wing, tail) options. Selecting flight control alternatives. Wing and tail sizing. Predicting normal force, drag, pitching moment, stability, control effectiveness, lift-to-drag ratio, and hinge moment. Maneuver law alternatives.
  3. Propulsion Considerations in Missile Design and System Engineering: Turbojet, ramjet, scramjet, ducted rocket, and rocket propulsion comparisons. Turbojet engine design considerations, prediction and sizing. Selecting ramjet engine, booster, and inlet alternatives. Ramjet performance prediction and sizing. High density fuels. Solid propellant alternatives. Propellant grain cross section trade-offs. Effective thrust magnitude control. Reducing propellant observables. Rocket motor performance prediction and sizing. Motor case and nozzle materials.
  4. Weight Considerations in Missile Design and System Engineering: How to size subsystems to meet flight performance requirements. Structural design criteria factor of safety. Structure concepts and manufacturing processes. Selecting airframe materials. Loads prediction. Weight prediction. Airframe and motor case design. Aerodynamic heating prediction and insulation trades. Seeker dome material alternatives and sizing. Power supply and actuator alternatives and sizing.
  5. Flight Trajectory Considerations in Missile Design and System Engineering: Flight envelope limitations. Aerodynamic sizing-equations of motion. Accuracy of simplified equations of motion. Maximizing flight performance. Benefits of flight trajectory shaping. Flight performance prediction of boost, climb, cruise, coast, steady descent, ballistic, maneuvering, and homing flight.
  6. Measures of Merit and Launch Platform Integration/System Engineering: Achieving robustness in adverse weather. Seeker, navigation, data link, and sensor alternatives. Seeker range prediction. Counter-countermeasures. Warhead alternatives and lethality prediction. Approaches to minimize collateral damage. Fuzing alternatives and requirements for fuze angle and time delay. Alternative guidance laws. Proportional guidance accuracy prediction. Time constant contributors and prediction. Maneuverability design criteria. Radar cross section and infrared signature prediction. Survivability considerations. Insensitive munitions. Enhanced reliability. Cost drivers of schedule, weight, learning curve, and parts count. EMD and production cost prediction. Designing within launch platform constraints. Internal versus external carriage. Shipping, storage, carriage, launch, and separation environment considerations. Launch platform interfaces. Cold and solar environment temperature prediction.
  7. Sizing Examples and Sizing Tools: Trade-offs for extended range rocket. Sizing for enhanced maneuverability. Developing a harmonized missile. Lofted range prediction. Ramjet missile sizing for range robustness. Ramjet fuel alternatives. Ramjet velocity control. Correction of turbojet thrust and specific impulse. Turbojet missile sizing for maximum range. Turbojet engine rotational speed. Computer aided sizing tools for conceptual design. Soda straw rocket design-build-fly competition. House of quality process. Design of experiment process.
  8. Missile Development Process: Design validation/technology development process. Developing a technology roadmap. Historical transformational technologies. Funding emphasis. Alternative proposal win strategies. New missile follow-on projections. Examples of development tests and facilities. Example of technology demonstration flight envelope. Examples of technology development. New technologies for missiles.
  9. Summary and Lessons Learned.
  10. References, Bibliography, and Follow-up Communication.
  11. Appendices: Homework problems/classroom exercises, example of a request for proposal, nomenclature, acronyms, conversion factors, syllabus, quizzes, design case studies, TMD spreadsheet, soda straw rocket science.
Materials

Course Materials:

Since course notes will not be distributed onsite, AIAA and your course instructor are highly recommending that you bring your computer with the course notes already downloaded to the course.

Once you have registered for the course, these course notes are available about two weeks prior to the course event, and are available to you in perpetuity.
Students will have the opportunity to purchase the recommended textbook Missile Design and System Engineering, authored by Eugene Fleeman. The textbook Tactical Missile Design includes a CD with a design spreadsheet on tactical missile design.

 

 

Instructors

Course Instructor:


Eugene L. Fleeman has 40+ years of government, industry, academia, and consulting experience in the design and development of missile systems. Formerly a manager of missile programs at the Air Force Research Laboratory, Rockwell International, Boeing, and Georgia Tech, he is an international lecturer on missiles and the author of over 100 publications including the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) textbook Tactical Missile Design. A resume is available at the web site http://genefleeman.home.mindspring.com